Indian Ports handle around 90% by volume & 70% of value of the country’s export import cargo. As the capacity augmentation of the Ports is an ongoing activity, over the period the capacity has increased to meet the growing trade requirements. The installed capacity of the Ports has gone up from 1312 MTPA (2012-13) to 1716 MTPA in 2015-16. Similarly, Cargo traffic handled by the Ports has gone up from 934 MT in 2012-13 to 1072 MT in 2015-16. Sandeep Sharma examines the Ports and Shipping sector...
Minister of State for Shipping, Pon Radhakrishnan had informed the Lok Sabha couple of month’s back that the average turnaround time of Major Ports has come down from 4 days in 2014-15 to 3.42 days in the current year (upto January, 2017). The Government is focussing on improving efficiency of the Ports and benchmarking them to international standards.
Under Sagarmala Programme, 415 projects, at an estimated investment of approximately Rs.8 Lac Crore, have been identified across port modernization & new port development, port connectivity enhancement, port-linked industrialization and coastal community development for phase wise implementation over the period 2015 to 2035. As part of the Sagarmala Programme, 6 new port locations have been identified, namely - Vadhavan, Enayam, Sagar Island, Paradip Outer Harbour, Sirkazhi and Belekeri.
The currentstatus of each of the proposed new port is as follows:
New Port Location
Status (As of March 2017)
Approval obtained for setting up Major Port at Sagar Island. DPR prepared.Viability being re-examined in view of announcement of new port at Tajpur by State Govt. of West Bengal.
Paradip Outer Harbour
DPR under preparation.
Techno Economic Feasibility Report(TEFR) prepared.
In principle approval obtained for setting up Major Port at Enayam. DPR under preparation.
Techno Economic Feasibility Report (TEFR) prepared.
TRAFFIC HANDLED AT MAJOR PORTS
(DURING APRIL TO JUNE, 2017* VIS-A-VIS APRIL TO JUNE, 2016)
(in ' 000 Tonne)
April to June
Kolkata Dock System
Haldia Dock Complex
Source: Indian Ports Association
Acceleratingimplementation of Sagarmala programme can be a game changer in the economicdevelopment of the country as all connected geographies would flourish due toincrease volume of domestic and international trade. Ministry of Shipping hasset a target capacity of over 3,130 MMT of cargo by 2020, mainly driven byprivate sector participation. Non-major ports are expected to generate over 50per cent of this capacity. The increase in cargo traffic is likely to push upthe need to augment port infrastructure rapidly and be ready to face the future.The Centre plans to set up low-cost non-major ports along coastline under theSagarmala project. This would boost local trade and remove congestion from theexisting ports.