The National Mission for Green India (GIM) is one of the eight Missions outlined under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). It aims at protecting; restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures. It envisages a holistic view of greening and focuses on multiple ecosystem services, especially, biodiversity, water, biomass, preserving mangroves, wetlands, critical habitats etc. along with carbon sequestration as a co-benefit. This mission has adopted an integrated cross-sectoral approach as it will be implemented on both public as well as private lands with a key role of the local communities in planning, decision making, implementation and monitoring.
The second meeting of National Executive Council (NEC) of the National Mission for a Green India (GIM) held recently has approved the Perspective Plans & Annual Plan of Operations (APOs) submitted by four States - Mizoram, Manipur, Jharkhand and Kerala with a total financial outlay of Rs. 90, 202.68 lakh for a Plan period of 5 to 10 years, along with APOs of Rs.11, 195.32 lakh for this financial year. The total forest and non-forest area taken up in these four States under GIM during the total plan period will be 1, 08, 335 hectares (ha) out of which 81, 939 ha will be improving the density of existing forests and 16, 396 ha will be new areas. For the current financial year, it will be 28, 250 ha and 7, 827 ha respectively. Approval has been granted for alternative energy devices such as biogas, solar devices, LPG, biomass-based systems and improved stoves for 27, 032 households for the current financial year and 81, 233 households for the total plan period. This will help in reducing pressure on forests, gaining carbon benefits, along with health and other associated benefits