The Government regularly monitors projects that aim to modernize and upgrade the port infrastructure in the country. The projects include modernization and construction of new berths and terminals, installation of state of the art equipment, mechanization of cargo handling systems etc. including dredging projects to accommodate large vessels. In order to improve the efficiency of major ports in the country, the government is making an all out effort. As part of this efforts, a study was conducted for benchmarking their efficiency and productivity to international levels, and improving their overall efficiency. The study has identified a total of 116 port wise action points/initiatives of which 86 initiatives have already been completed resulting in improved efficiency and additional operating surplus.